We all enjoy the little things in life. In my case, it may be reaching for the honey in the morning and seeing it pour with ease into my pancakes.
But have you ever thought about a scientific explanation for these little things we enjoy?
The speed at which the honey drops from a container can be explained with the density the honey had at the time of pouring it out of the bottle.
You may think of this a mere number, but there are a few things that you can discover when analyzing the density of an object.
Joins us! As we discover all the things that we can know about honey based on its density.
Why Should I Know the Density of Honey?
The density of honey can tell you a few things, but the most important one is how pure the honey is.
In some case, this may not be your biggest concern, but it is essential to know this since this determines how much chemicals are in your honey.
The more adulterated, the less healthy for you!
And, the denser the honey, the purer it is. This is because of the many additives that they add to make it less thick and more liquid.
There are a few purity tests that are based purely off density.
For example, the spilling test consists of dropping a single drop of honey on the tip of your finger. If the honey begins to spread and it spills, the honey is most likely contaminated.
On the other hand, if the honey remains still and in the same shape, it is pure.
You may be familiar with the other test, the overall density test. To do this, you need a glass of water and drop a spoonful of honey inside of it.
If the honey sinks to the bottom, it is pure and unadulterated.
What is the Exact Density of Honey?
To begin with, you should first know that the density of a substance can change depending on the temperature that it is exposed to.
As you can imagine, a material that is presented to colder temperatures will most likely be denser than average since the particles are closer together.
On the other hand, the particles will expand on hotter environments. This makes the object less dense.
As you may know, the ideal room temperature is 20º Celsius (or 70º Fahrenheit).
We measured the density of honey at these temperatures, and we tested it in higher temperatures as well since there are cases in which stored honey can be exposed to these temperatures if it is stored near an oven or an appliance that irradiates heat.
When measuring the density of regular honey at 20ºCelsuis, it showed to be 1.490 g/cm3, when exposed to 25 º Celsius it displayed 1.479 g/cm3, and when exposed to 35º Celsius it proved to be 1.451.
As you can see, it is much denser in lower temperatures. At first, you may think that these numbers seem meaningless, but these numbers are equivalent to how hard it is going to be to pour the honey on your breakfast in the morning. Ha-ha!
The higher the number, the more time it will take to pour onto your meal.
How to Measure Density
It is pretty easy to measure the density of any substance or material if you have the right tools to do it.
There are a few steps to do it, but overall you should get two variables to begin with. The two variables are mass and volume.
Once you do have them, you just have to divide one of them from the other, and you have the density of the object.
Getting the mass is easy, you just need to get a balance, place the object that you want to measure on top of it and wait a few seconds. Once the balance has an exact measure of the object, write down the number that it is shown in grams.
Next, you need to get the volume of the object, but this may be a bit harder depending on the object you are working with.
If the object is a cylinder, sphere, cone or anything that is solid, you just need to measure its dimensions. If it's not a solid, it may be a bit trickier.
The easy way to do it is to grab a graduated cylinder, add a bit of water to it, and pour the substance onto the cylinder.
To know the volume, you just need to compare the water level before and after you poured the substance. If it was at 20 mL of water back, and now it has 25 mL, the volume of the material is 5mL.
Once you have both variables, divide the volume to the mass (this means density = mass/volume), and you will have the density of any object or substance.
From its purity, to how fast will I be able to pour it onto my breakfast, the density of an object can tell many things about it, and honey was not an exception.